Ancient Egypt
Elements of its Cultural History

  by Sjef Willockx






Spells 224 and 225 from the Pyramid Texts: Translation and Commentary  (Abstract)

Spell 224 and Spell 225 from the Pyramid Texts display so much common ground that a very close relationship is immediately recognizable but they also exhibit significant differences: enough to warrant different spell numbers. This combination of common roots and diverse developments holds a special promise for sampling and examining the work of the ancient Egyptian editors of these texts.

These particular spells furthermore give evidence of two separate domains of origin: partly from the sphere of the king, partly from that of court officials. With these two domains come separate or perhaps rather: complementary visions of the Afterlife.

This paper has two parts: first a chapter that focusses on the translation, then one with a detailled examination of the contents of the spells.






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